Scope completes monitoring review for Estonia
      FRIDAY, 10/06/2022 - Scope Ratings GmbH
      Download PDF

      Scope completes monitoring review for Estonia

      Monitoring review announcement

      Scope Ratings GmbH (Scope) monitors and reviews its credit ratings on an ongoing basis and at least annually, or every six months in the case of sovereigns, sub-sovereigns and supranational organisations.

      Scope performs monitoring reviews to determine whether material changes and/or changes in macroeconomic or financial market conditions could have an impact on the credit ratings. Scope considers all available and relevant information when undertaking the monitoring review.

      Monitoring reviews are conducted by performing a peer comparison, benchmarking against the rating-change drivers, and/or reviewing the credit ratings’ performance over time, as deemed appropriate by the Lead Analyst or Analytical Team Head, in addition to an assessment of all aspects of the relevant methodology/ies, including key rating assumptions and model(s). Scope publicly announces the completion of each monitoring review on its website. 

      Scope completed the monitoring review for Estonia (long-term local- and foreign-currency issuer and senior unsecured debt ratings: AA-/Stable; short-term local- and foreign-currency issuer ratings: S-1+/Stable) on 7 June 2022.

      This monitoring note does not constitute a credit rating action, nor does it indicate the likelihood that Scope will conduct a credit rating action in the short term. Information about the latest credit rating action connected with this monitoring note along with the associated rating history can be found on

      Key rating factors

      Estonia’s AA- rating is underpinned by the following credit strengths: i) a track record of prudent fiscal management anchoring low public debt; ii) strong, transparent and accountable economic institutions and a commitment to a favourable investment environment, underpinned by EU and euro area memberships; and iii) strengthened resilience of the Estonian economy, supported by effective structural reform and robust absorption of EU structural and recovery funding.

      Challenges relate to: i) an ageing population and skilled-labour shortages, alongside still lower per-capita income relative to the euro-area average; and ii) a large export sector relative to the size of the economy, which exposes Estonia to external shocks.

      In Scope's view, external security risks for Estonia, which has a border with Russia, have increased since the escalation of the Russia-Ukraine war. However, Scope believes that Estonia’s and the other Baltic states' NATO memberships (since 2004) limit the risk that the conflict could expand into the Baltic region. Estonia’s security guarantees are underpinned by NATO’s Article 5, which states that if one member of the Alliance is subject to an armed attack, other members will consider this as an armed attack against all members and will provide necessary support. Both NATO and Estonia have continually confirmed their commitments to Article 5.

      The Stable Outlook represents Scope’s view that Estonia will be able to weather the economic fallout from the Russia-Ukraine war without any significant deterioration in credit fundamentals.

      The ratings/Outlook could be upgraded if, individually or collectively: i) continued implementation of structural reforms, such as in the labour market, research and development, and infrastructure, drove further income convergence with rated peers; ii) Scope observed sustained improvement in the medium-run fiscal outlook; and/or iii) external vulnerabilities continued to decline.

      Conversely, the ratings/Outlook could be downgraded if, individually or collectively: i) Scope observed sustained increase in the public debt-to-GDP ratio over the medium run due to looser fiscal policies and/or weaker growth; ii) Estonia’s external position metrics deteriorated, and its external competitiveness declined; iii) sustained labour shortages worsened the inflationary and growth outlooks; and/or iv) an external shock or heightened and sustained geopolitical risks undermined Estonia’s macro-economic stability.

      For the updated scorecards accompanying this review, click here.

      The methodology applicable for the reviewed rating(s) and/or rating Outlook(s) (Sovereign Ratings Methodology, 8 October 2021) is available on
      This monitoring note is issued by Scope Ratings GmbH, Lennéstraße 5, D-10785 Berlin, Tel +49 30 27891-0.
      Lead analyst: Levon Kameryan, Associate Director

      © 2022 Scope SE & Co. KGaA and all its subsidiaries including Scope Ratings GmbH, Scope Ratings UK Limited, Scope Analysis GmbH, Scope Investor Services GmbH, and Scope ESG Analysis GmbH (collectively, Scope). All rights reserved. The information and data supporting Scope’s ratings, rating reports, rating opinions and related research and credit opinions originate from sources Scope considers to be reliable and accurate. Scope does not, however, independently verify the reliability and accuracy of the information and data. Scope’s ratings, rating reports, rating opinions, or related research and credit opinions are provided ‘as is’ without any representation or warranty of any kind. In no circumstance shall Scope or its directors, officers, employees and other representatives be liable to any party for any direct, indirect, incidental or other damages, expenses of any kind, or losses arising from any use of Scope’s ratings, rating reports, rating opinions, related research or credit opinions. Ratings and other related credit opinions issued by Scope are, and have to be viewed by any party as, opinions on relative credit risk and not a statement of fact or recommendation to purchase, hold or sell securities. Past performance does not necessarily predict future results. Any report issued by Scope is not a prospectus or similar document related to a debt security or issuing entity. Scope issues credit ratings and related research and opinions with the understanding and expectation that parties using them will assess independently the suitability of each security for investment or transaction purposes. Scope’s credit ratings address relative credit risk, they do not address other risks such as market, liquidity, legal, or volatility. The information and data included herein is protected by copyright and other laws. To reproduce, transmit, transfer, disseminate, translate, resell, or store for subsequent use for any such purpose the information and data contained herein, contact Scope Ratings GmbH at Lennéstraße 5, D-10785 Berlin.

      Related news

      Show all
      Scope has completed a monitoring review on the United States of America

      21/6/2024 Monitoring note

      Scope has completed a monitoring review on the United States ...

      Scope publishes updated supranational methodology following call for comments

      21/6/2024 Research

      Scope publishes updated supranational methodology following ...

      Global economic update: soft landing reinforces prospect of higher-for-longer interest rates

      19/6/2024 Research

      Global economic update: soft landing reinforces prospect of ...

      Belgium: nationalist parties raise risk of political gridlock and deterioration of fiscal outlook

      14/6/2024 Research

      Belgium: nationalist parties raise risk of political gridlock ...

      Europe’s shifting political landscape, limited fiscal space are challenges to closing investment gap

      12/6/2024 Research

      Europe’s shifting political landscape, limited fiscal space ...

      Scope withdraws its UK Social Housing Providers Rating Methodology

      11/6/2024 Research

      Scope withdraws its UK Social Housing Providers Rating ...